We discuss the following topics in this blog:
- Fibre for stronger connectivity and networks
- India’s Position in the Fibre Market
- Significance of fiberization for the emergence of 5G
In addition to these topics, we shall also be answering the following FAQs:
- What is an Optical Fibre Cable?
- What is WiFi?
How Important is Fibre for Strengthening of Networks?
Talking about the importance of networks and the importance of fiber in the network. So fiber for 5G and How important at this point in time?
All mentioned the importance of strengthening our networks because our networks are going to bring in a lot of socio-economic good. Why? Consumption levels are very high India is currently at about nine point eight GP but will be very soon leapfrogging to about an easy 18 GB per smartphone so you know if you look at the consumption itself they are having a high number of Internet users larger number of devices more applications and very soon the Indian data consumer is going to perhaps be one of the highest in the world why so if you’re looking at networks and you’re looking at the applications today’s applications and tomorrow’s applications very soon we’ll need networks that is very low on latency high on bandwidth and therefore when we’re looking at 5G perhaps the era is already here networks are required for it more data means more fiber for 5G.
Actually told me about the importance of 5G and I really appreciate it more data more fiber and with more data changing business models, conventional TSPs are moving into becoming DSPs we have the OTT players who are ready to invest in networks we have utility companies like gas and power who are looking at putting on fiber because fiber will give them the right kind of data and then we also have governments who are rolling out networks today why so we need to fiberize towers if you’re looking at 5G coming into play we are looking at newer forms of networks like the software-defined networks we’re looking at FTTX data centers are coming into play net the network is becoming so critical today and the fiber in the network is actually coming you know it’s bringing in the center stage of sorts I know everyone speaks about spectrum but let’s not forget that when it comes to data and large bandwidth of data you need the fiber. Countries across the world are investing pretty significantly in fiber you take China, you take the US, and even India for that matter will be investing pretty significantly as far as fibers concerned historically these are these six countries that are investing in fiber, and from what we see they are about 100 countries already that are actually asking and buying the fiber from India.
India’s Position in the Fibre Market
Indian fiber incidentally is very well known now in the world and why am I saying that the fiber industry is exporting into 100 countries and you have national broadband plants coming up in several countries. Everybody is asking for fiber they’re getting themselves prepared for the next generation nothing like what’s gonna happen when 5g comes into play right so there is definitely and I’m constantly talking about fiber because I’m giving you various aspects of why fiber becomes important just the way the networks are shaping up right so enhance mobile broadband we’re talking about ultra-reliable low latencies India might not have that but we can well do with surgery that requires the kind of networks of the future.
Why is Fibre Important for 5G?
Just in you know in about in in the today’s environment of an LTE coverage just within about 500 Plus meters you don’t see much of a cell coverage but when it comes to 5G very soon within 100 meters we’re looking at small cells we need more fiber for that fiber will constitute about 15 odd percent of the backhaul cause and in the access points we will need a lot of fiber with the coming of IOT and what have you and more importantly and this is something specifically for the Indian environment where sharing is allowed it’s not a very good idea to you know bring the fiber to the specific access points and try to split it at that point in time because the there will be a loss of data and therefore it makes sense to actually when you’re deploying deploy with high count fiber the quality of your data therefore will be much better deployment cost of fiber is very high however if you put high count fiber in the beginning itself it will very well in the years to come fiber life in India is not very high but across the world is pretty significant so if we have the right deployment standards or fiber we will have a lifetime of for easy 20 years plus
What is an Optical Fibre Cable?
An optical fibre cable is a cable type that has a few to hundreds of optical fibres bundled together within a protective plastic coating. They help carry digital data in the form of light pulses across large distances at faster speeds. For this, they need to be installed or deployed either underground or aerially. Standalone fibres cannot be buried or hanged so fibres are bunched together as cables for the transmission of data.
This is done to protect the fibre from stress, moisture, temperature changes and other externalities. There are three main components of a optical fibre cable, core (It carries the light and is made of pure silicon dioxide (SiO2) with dopants such as germania, phosphorous pentoxide, or alumina to raise the refractive index; Typical glass cores range from as small as 3.7um up to 200um), Cladding (Cladding surrounds the core and has a lower refractive index than the core, it is also made from the same material as the core; 1% refractive index difference is maintained between the core and cladding; Two commonly used diameters are 125µm and 140µm) and Coating (Protective layer that absorbs shocks, physical damage and moisture; The outside diameter of the coating is typically either 250µm or 500µm; Commonly used material for coatings are acrylate,Silicone, carbon, and polyimide).
An optical fibre cable is made up of the following components: Optical fibres – ranging from one to many. Buffer tubes (with different settings), for protection and cushioning of the fibre. Water protection in the tubes – wet or dry. A central strength member (CSM) is the backbone of all cables. Armoured tapes for stranding to bunch the buffer tubes and strength members together. Sheathing or final covering to provide further protection.
The five main reasons that make this technology innovation disruptive are fast communication speed, infinite bandwidth & capacity, low interference, high tensile strength and secure communication. The major usescases of optical fibre cables include intenet connectivity, computer networking, surgery & dentistry, automotive industry, telephony, lighting & decorations, mechanical inspections, cable television, military applications and space.
What is WiFi?
Put simply, WiFi is a technology that uses radio waves to create a wireless network through which devices like mobile phones, computers, printers, etc., connect to the internet. A wireless router is needed to establish a WiFi hotspot that people in its vicinity may use to access internet services. You’re sure to have encountered such a WiFi hotspot in houses, offices, restaurants, etc.
To get a little more technical, WiFi works by enabling a Wireless Local Area Network or WLAN that allows devices connected to it to exchange signals with the internet via a router. The frequencies of these signals are either 2.4 GHz or 5 GHz bandwidths. These frequencies are much higher than those transmitted to or by radios, mobile phones, and televisions since WiFi signals need to carry significantly higher amounts of data. The networking standards are variants of 802.11, of which there are several (802.11a, 802.11b, 801.11g, etc.).