1. Home
  2. /
  3. Blog List
  4. /
  5. 5G Open RAN
  6. /
  7. 5G Open RAN: What You Need to Know

5G Open RAN: What You Need to Know

Posted By :
5g OpenRAN

What is Open RAN?

Open RAN is a technical term for standards for Radio Access Network (RAN) interfaces that support interoperability between vendors’ gear and facilitate cost-effective network flexibility. In simple words, it denotes a radio access network architecture that is more open than what we previously had.

Open RAN offers higher interoperability through open hardware, software, and interfaces for cellular wireless networks. With 5G networks being rolled out across countries, Open RAN technologies have quickly gained momentum, offering operators more flexibility, automation, and lower costs. Traditional RAN systems provided limited scope for the speedier expansion we are seeing with the 5G roll-out. After all, 5G networks require a high number of base stations for coverage, and telecom companies are eager to find ways to catch up with the requirements.

In the past, it was possible to have different operators for the core network and the RAN network, but there was no scope for interoperability across different suppliers of RAN equipment. Multi-vendor implementation between specified interfaces within the same network has been possible for a few decades now.

Open RAN challenges the limitations, enabling interoperability and the mix-and-match of components. It allows service providers to access equipment from various vendors and ultimately opens up interfaces inside the base station.

Problems for service providers that Open RAN can solve

Open RAN is a push for industry standardization in an ecosystem where vendors don’t take into consideration the interoperability of gear while designing it. Open RAN’s design standards will ensure that different vendors’ equipment is fully compatible.

This decentralization of RAN equipment increases market competition and reduces monopolization. As a result, it leaves room for telecom companies to grab the best gear at competitive prices. Let’s look at three problems that Open RAN solves for service providers.

  1. The Open RAN architecture digitizes parts of the network that were traditionally managed by specific hardware and software.
  2. In this new virtualization of particular parts of the network, the RAN Intelligent Controller near-real-time layer (RIC near-RT) manages QoS management, handover control, and loadbalancing. Analytics is managed by the RIC non-real-time layer.
  3. Along similar lines, the virtualized functionality of radio frequency and baseband processing is done by the distributed unit (DU) and the remote radio unit (RRU).

These features are designed to provide the core network functionality that is required for all wireless networks. The development of Open RAN aims to provide an open environment and expand the market. There is more scope for technological innovation as different vendors contribute the building blocks of a network, thereby presenting opportunities to operators to choose the most suitable option required for end-user satisfaction.

Growth in Open RAN deployments

Open RAN solutions are moving from trials to pilot implementation in several telecom companies, making them a near-mainstream reality. Companies have to be compliant with the measures defined by standardizing organizations, such as the O-RAN Alliance.

At the same time, the functionality of Open RAN-based networks has to be on par or better than the performance levels of traditional cellular architecture.

Technological advancement is predicted to grow and overtake traditional RAN solutions in both the public cellular and private and industrial cellular markets. The private and industrial segment is likely to become a bigger market than the public cellular, provided the enterprise vertical requirements are satisfied.

Also, considering the current political landscape and restrictions on several Chinese network and equipment vendors, governments may force telcos to replace currently installed RAN solutions. It is likely to make companies adopt Open RAN 5G solutions to break vendor lock-in.

According to Dell’Oro Group, cumulative Open RAN revenue could touch the $15 billion mark in 2025, with revenues from Open RAN contributing to more than 10% of the overall RAN market.

Open RAN Ecosystem

As 5G network adoption continues and Open RAN solutions enable network roll-outs and upgrades at significantly lower costs, operators are increasingly choosing Open RAN approaches to drive higher efficiency, thereby opening up the RAN ecosystem.

Radio providers are playing in a broader market as Open RAN enables vendor diversity and supply chain security. The supplier base is expanding for greater cost flexibility and equipment choice.

The Open RAN architecture is being used for 2G, 3G, 4G, and 5G network deployments in emerging and urban markets. While emerging markets are attracted to Open RAN solutions for their cost-effectiveness, urban markets continue to demand higher speeds, which can be ensured through different technologies adapted by Open RAN solutions, such as artificial intelligence and machine learning. These network solutions are designed to make cellular deployments unified and automated, making it easier to maintain and upgrade networks.

Open RAN is a blessing for private networks. More and more countries are separating spectrum sections for private networks. One of the main barriers to the higher adoption of private, licensed wireless networks is the cost involved. Shifting to open RAN approaches can turn this around and let organizations consider more and more private networks for business innovation.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

Our Latest Blogs

Optical Fiber

The Security and Reliability of Fiber Optic Networks for Critical Infrastructure

Nations run on pillared infrastructures, and we’re not just talking about the physical ones. Various departments work in unison to...
Read More
Fiber Optic Interconnect

Fiber Optic Interconnects: How They Improve Cloud Computing Networks

Gaining incredible traction since the 21st century began, cloud computing has become the talk of the town. Consider any sector,...
Read More
Enterprise Infrastructure Networks

5 Effects of Fibre Optic Cabling on Enterprise Infrastructure Networks

If you intend on building a campus network that requires high speeds, optimal bandwidth, and high-speed connections, then fibre optic cabling can...
Read More
Optical Fiber

Interesting Facts on Optical Fibre and Optical Fibre Cable

The era of internet connection has now been revolutionised with the introduction of optical fibre technology. With the incorporation of...
Read More
IOT(Internet Of Things)

How do Telcos contribute to utilities that utilize IoT technology?

Today, more than 13 billion IoT devices are connected across the globe. The industry is expected to surpass 25.4 billion...
Read More
Managed Service

Driving Value with Managed Services

Technology is evolving at a consistent and rapid pace. Technology specialists are incorporating cutting-edge practices to boost the efficiency of...
Read More
Digital Network

Bridging the Digital Divide in the UK

The Digital Divide in the UK The "digital divide" is a growing concern in the UK, where access to technology...
Read More
Optical Fiber

Debunking the Common Myths about Optical Fibre

As data-intensive applications like video streaming, online gaming, and cloud computing become more common, the need for increased bandwidth has...
Read More
Fiber Optic Testing Tools

How Robotic Tools are Revolutionizing the Detection of Optical Fiber Failures

The fiber optic communication industry has revolutionized the entire Telecommunication industry by providing higher performance, more reliable telecommunication links with...
Read More
Fiber Optic Technology

Recent Advances in Optical Networking Technology: A Look at the Future of Data Transmission

Since several decades ago, optical networking technology has been developing quickly. Fiber optics is becoming a key component of the...
Read More
Optical Interconnect Technology

Optical Interconnect Vs. Electrical Interconnect: All You Need to Know

Interconnectedness is increasingly becoming the backbone of a modern, progressive world. It is what is driving the escalation of digital...
Read More
Network Running

Keep The Network Running in The Remotest Locations: Here’s How STL Can Help

The pandemic has unravelled the importance of reliable connectivity. From smart classes to online groceries, the internet is everywhere. Yet,...
Read More
Managed Service

5 Benefits of Using a Managed Security Services Provider

Investing in cybersecurity is the need of the hour as the cyber threat landscape evolves. But as cyber threats continue...
Read More
Optical Interconnect Technology

An Overview of Optical Interconnects: How They Work and Their Advantages

Optical interconnects are a crucial component of modern electronic systems. They are used to transmit data and power between different...
Read More
Network System Integration

Network System Integration: A Guide to Choosing the Right Optical Fiber Manufacturing Company

One of the crucial factors of a network system integration project is choosing an appropriate fiber cable; they determine the...
Read More
Optical Fiber

10 Ways Optical Fibre Has Changed the World

Optical fiber has revolutionized the way we communicate and access information. From high-speed internet to advanced medical procedures, the benefits...
Read More
Data Center Design

Designing Data Centre Networks: Strategies for Maximum Efficiency and Performance

Data centre design and the data network that supports it are critical components of any organization's IT infrastructure. The way...
Read More
Network Modernization

Accelerating Your Network Modernization Process

Network modernization is crucial for businesses to stay competitive in today's digital economy. However, the process can be time-consuming and...
Read More
Network services

Understanding Network Services and How They Enhance Your Business

A robust network is a must for any type of company in the twenty-first century because most products are digital...
Read More
Data centre

The Rise of Data Centers in India

With data consumption on the rise, cloud adoption accelerating, and technology demand soaring higher than ever before - Indian corporations...
Read More

Our Services

Network services

The digital ecosystem and landscape is rapidly to mirror the continuous evolution of communication infrastructure, connectivity, and next gen use cases...
Read More

Fiber Roll out Services

We offer a dependable fiber-based backhaul solution that promises seamless high-speed connectivity and increased reliability for a better network experience...
Read More

Managed Services

We encourage customers to seize business opportunities by simplifying network management and maintenance, which standardized SLAs govern...
Read More

Data Centre Network

Future use cases will require cloud-native infrastructure. With our network transformation services, we out-innovate the current constraints in the data center space...
Read More

RAN Services

The approach of RAN network disaggregation comes at the expense of increased integration touch-points and engineering efforts...
Read More