A private enterprise network is a type of network that allows organisations to place micro towers, edge routers,small cells, and other network infrasture on-site that can be controlled and managed by them locally, typically isolating it from the internet and other public network. As organisations need to manage large amounts of data internally private enterprise network helps overcome challenges of high latency, range limitations, network congestion, inablity to control & automate QoS, information security and cost of infrastructure. These networks usually run on shared spectrums for eg Citizens Broadband Radio Service (CBRS) ie 3.5 GHz shared access band and the global unlicensed 5 GHz band.
Private Enterprise Networks can run on :-
a) Licensed Spectrum - Carriers can license their spectrum to an end-user organization or third party, or they can build and operate a Private LTE network as a service.
b) Shared Spectrum - End-user organizations can operate Private LTE networks using spectrum that is lightly licensed but shared (Example: CBRS, 3.5 GHz)
c) Unlicensed Spectrum - End-user organizations or carriers can operate Private LTE networks in unlicensed spectrum, such as the UNII-3 band used for Wi-Fi (Example: MulteFire). Carriers also can use this spectrum with carrier aggregation to expand their bandwidth (Example: LTE-U, LAA).
Apart from enterprise networks other examples of private network include home networks, mission-critical infrastructure (eg electricity distribution grids,powerplants etc.) ,venue services (airports,stadiums,hospitals,ports etc.),industry 4.0, enterprise IoT, data centres and virtual private network (VPN).
As Private Enterprise Networks evolve they will be the key enabler for 5G and IoT adoption. In order to harness the potential of Private LTE and 5G we will need to develop new innovative ecosystems that will by collaborative community.
a) Target the Highest Value Customer Applications
b) Understand the Entire End-to-End Customer Experience:
c) Look for Non-Conflicting Business Models That Encourage Collaboration
d) Build Open Collaboration / Align Partner Behaviors