1. Home
  2. /
  3. Blog List
  4. /
  5. Fiber Deployment Solutions
  6. /
  7. Implementation of a Robust Fiber Deployment Process

Implementation of a Robust Fiber Deployment Process

Posted By :

Our telecommunication industry has witnessed various stages of transformation in India. It has experienced massive growth over the last few decades. A key factor in sustaining this growth in the telecommunication industry is the fiber rollout services that lay the groundwork for an efficient fiber infrastructure, deployment, and management.

Free photo light trails above buildings

Image Credit : img.freepik.com – Fiber deployment

Today, fiber optics technology is a communication medium and the primary network infrastructure. With an increased demand for new technology, fiber optics promises a flexible, scalable, full-service network platform. Moreover, it is capable of providing much higher bandwidth capacity along with high speed for existing as well as future technologies.

Agility with a fiber broadband network

Several mobile network operators have invested strategically in fiber rollout services. Homes, offices, and organizations depend heavily on internet services for their daily operations. Their operations rely on the internet to help meet set targets within their organization and increase productivity. 

MNOs or mobile network operators extend their abilities to deploy and manage the network infrastructure strategically. A fiber optics network provides an infrastructure for cable and wireless broadband services for higher bandwidth capacity. Industries and other businesses have taken advantage of this high-capacity fiber technology for transmitting voice, video, and data traffic.  

What is the fiber deployment process?

Free Conduit Pipes photo and picture

Image Credit : cdn.pixabay.com

MNOs have adopted varied strategies for deploying fiber optics cables under the fiber rollout services. However, the best fiber deployment approach is the one that primarily helps achieve a competitive advantage in the emerging digital market with leading-edge services that have minimal interruption. 

A fiber deployment process can be for an entirely new installation, an upgrade, a new deployment, or even an expansion of services. Whatever the case, there are three general phases of a fiber deployment process. They are:

  1. Planning and network design
  2. Construction 
  3. Network operations

Each fiber network provider has to face circumstances and situations that are distinctively unique to the community they serve. Therefore, they generally adopt the international standard of fiber optics cable transmission. Typically, single-mode fiber optics cables are used for long-distance communication. The selection of parameters for the fiber optic cable, such as cable wavelength, bending strength, connectors, and signal losses, depends on the discretion of the MNOs. 

Let us discuss these 3 phases in detail now.

  • Planning and network design

The first thing that optic fiber carriers have to work out is where to start on the road to better, faster broadband networks. Their focus has to be on utilizing their resources to create a sustainable business case for all fiber deployment. This fiber deployment stage deals with building a favorable financial model for deployment. It must be based on community assets, estimated demand and project capital, and operational costs. 

Fiber providers would benefit if they used their assets to reduce costs and enhance potential revenues. Service providers can use the latest advancements in FTTH technology as an economical solution to expand fiber rollout services in their service area. 

  • Construction

After selecting a network design, service providers need to find and implement the most efficient methods for connecting networks and subscribers, whether in a single-family or multi-tenant building.

Most of our population lives in buildings with multiple dwelling units (MDU) or multiple units. Fiber extension to these buildings has its own technical challenges. The fiber network construction team has to decide on the best network architecture, equipment designs, and business model. These factors impact construction costs, deployment speed, and flexibility for services in the future. 

  • Network operations

Once the network is deployed, network operators are responsible for the upkeep and maintenance. In addition, they have to extend fiber rollout services to meet the demands of new and existing customers and meet revenue expectations from the network as well. 

The increase in data demand and the resulting IP explosion are responsible for changing the access network. The shift to IP traffic has driven changes to the Central Office or the CO. It has started operating like a data center and has caused a transformation of the equipment within the CO along with the cabling infrastructure associated with it. 

Deployment strategies for fiber optics cable

Various methods of fiber deployment are popular. The type of installation in the fiber rollout services depends mainly on the development level of the area, the environment, business operations, and the population density. Primarily, there are three techniques for installing fiber optic cables: 

  • Aerial
  • Underground
  • Submarine 

Aerial installation


Image Credit : vecteezy.com

Aerial installation of fiber cables involves the installation of the cables on pylons or utility poles. Fiber cables used for aerial installation are prone to continual tension caused by wind, temperature changes, and the weight of ice in cold regions. 

Most fiber optic cables are not strong enough for direct aerial installation. Hence, the installer teams need to use special installation techniques for such cables designed for aerial installation. One such way is to attach (lash) a regular fiber cable with a metallic stranded cable as a support to the cable.

There is a category of ADSS cables designed with a thicker jacket with adequate strength to withstand the pressures of aerial installation. Another type of aerial cable is the optical power ground wire (OPGW) used to provide communications as well as power. OPGW is a high-voltage conductor with an optical fiber cable in a hermetically sealed central tube. 

  • Underground installation
Free Glass Fiber Internet photo and picture

Image Credit : cdn.pixabay.com – Underground installation

Underground fiber optic cables are used for fiber cable installation beneath the earth’s surface at a specified depth. They are instrumental in urban areas for cross-country cabling. They are even helpful in areas where cables are subject to hostile weather conditions and must be protected. Underground cables can be installed by 

  1. Burying them in the ground directly 
  2. Placing the fiber cable in a duct buried underground


The direct-buried cables are robust, sturdy, and built to tolerate heat, conductivity, moisture, and soil acidity. Multiple layers of metallic-banded sheathing are present in direct bury cables.Heavy rubber covers, shock-absorbing gel cover these sheaths, and waterproof tape hardened by a heavy metal core. 

Direct-buried cables are cheaper and easier to install than other cables and are extensively used for voice and data transmissions. However, these cables can be easily cut during digging, so most of them are used on the side roads. 

Installation in duct

In highly urbanized areas, it becomes more challenging to dig the ground. So, duct installation is carried out where the fiber optic cables are placed in installed ducts. The cables are pulled in the conduit that is buried underground, usually 3 to 4 feet deep. They are then placed in a plastic pipe with a preinstalled inner duct. The duct protects the fiber optic cables and makes fiber cable expansion easier. 

Submarine fiber deployment

Undersea Fiber Cables Are Connecting Our World - Acacia Communications, Inc.

Image Credit : acacia-inc.com – Submarine fiber deployment

Submarine cables are used for fiber deployment undersea. They carry telecommunications signals along the seabed between stations on land near the sea. They are more reliable than satellites and have a greater capacity. In fact, approximately 95% of all international data between islands and continents is transmitted using these cables.


High-speed internet connectivity through optical networks is an essential, in fact, daily need for people. However, proficient service delivery relies on the existence of an efficient infrastructural deployment and management and extensive fiber rollout services. 

Powerful economic support for expanding fiber deployment has brought together governments, fiber providers, businesses, and telecom organizations. With the fiber deployment process getting a speed up, fiber networks hope to provide years of reliable service at minimal costs. No wonder the new reality is going to be transformational.


Is distance a challenge in the fiber deployment process?

When laying down a fiber cable, it cannot simply be stretched. Every 40 to 60 miles, the connection needs an in-line amplification shelter to re-amplify the signals. These shelters have high build and maintenance costs. 

How does RoW or Right of Way impact the deployment of fiber?

RoW continues to be the biggest impediment in India’s fiber rollout process of the OFC networks. RoW gives guidelines to Telcos to lay up their infrastructure elements, such as towers and optical fiber cables, on a designated route. Over the years, telecom companies have continued to work hard to expand their fiber footprint. It is due to variable, complicated, and costly RoW procedures across states.

What are two more roadblocks to the fiber deployment process?

Fiber deployment is expensive in towns and cities outside of major metropolitan areas. These regions have fewer people per capita. This makes the network providers skeptical about extending fiber over extra miles in such areas. Environmental obstacles are another reason for delays in most broadband deployments. 

How do environmental challenges impact fiber deployment?

Rural areas tend to have more varied terrain and lesser developed infrastructure than developed urban areas. As a result, rocky soils, marshy or mountainous regions, and underground installations pose different challenges for the installers.

What is the primary cause of transmission failure in the case of fiber optic cables?

Fiber cable cuts are a significant cause of transmission failure that disrupts telecommunication services. The number of network outages has greatly increased due to cable cuts in fiber optics networks. It greatly impacts the subscriber’s experience.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

Our Latest Blogs

Managed Service

Driving Value with Managed Services

Technology is evolving at a consistent and rapid pace. Technology specialists are incorporating cutting-edge practices to boost the efficiency of...
Read More
Digital Network

Bridging the Digital Divide in the UK

The Digital Divide in the UK The "digital divide" is a growing concern in the UK, where access to technology...
Read More
Optical Fiber

Debunking the Common Myths about Optical Fibre

As data-intensive applications like video streaming, online gaming, and cloud computing become more common, the need for increased bandwidth has...
Read More
Fiber Optic Testing Tools

How Robotic Tools are Revolutionizing the Detection of Optical Fiber Failures

The fiber optic communication industry has revolutionized the entire Telecommunication industry by providing higher performance, more reliable telecommunication links with...
Read More
Fiber Optic Technology

Recent Advances in Optical Networking Technology: A Look at the Future of Data Transmission

Since several decades ago, optical networking technology has been developing quickly. Fiber optics is becoming a key component of the...
Read More
Optical Interconnect Technology

Optical Interconnect Vs. Electrical Interconnect: All You Need to Know

Interconnectedness is increasingly becoming the backbone of a modern, progressive world. It is what is driving the escalation of digital...
Read More
Network Running

Keep The Network Running in The Remotest Locations: Here’s How STL Can Help

The pandemic has unravelled the importance of reliable connectivity. From smart classes to online groceries, the internet is everywhere. Yet,...
Read More
Managed Service

5 Benefits of Using a Managed Security Services Provider

Investing in cybersecurity is the need of the hour as the cyber threat landscape evolves. But as cyber threats continue...
Read More
Optical Interconnect Technology

An Overview of Optical Interconnects: How They Work and Their Advantages

Optical interconnects are a crucial component of modern electronic systems. They are used to transmit data and power between different...
Read More
Network System Integration

Network System Integration: A Guide to Choosing the Right Optical Fiber Manufacturing Company

One of the crucial factors of a network system integration project is choosing an appropriate fiber cable; they determine the...
Read More
Optical Fiber

10 Ways Optical Fibre Has Changed the World

Optical fiber has revolutionized the way we communicate and access information. From high-speed internet to advanced medical procedures, the benefits...
Read More
Data Center Design

Designing Data Centre Networks: Strategies for Maximum Efficiency and Performance

Data centre design and the data network that supports it are critical components of any organization's IT infrastructure. The way...
Read More
Network Modernization

Accelerating Your Network Modernization Process

Network modernization is crucial for businesses to stay competitive in today's digital economy. However, the process can be time-consuming and...
Read More
Network services

Understanding Network Services and How They Enhance Your Business

A robust network is a must for any type of company in the twenty-first century because most products are digital...
Read More
Data centre

The Rise of Data Centers in India

With data consumption on the rise, cloud adoption accelerating, and technology demand soaring higher than ever before - Indian corporations...
Read More
RAN Services

Building a Faster, More Connected Healthcare Network with Radio Networks

In recent years, the category of linked medical devices has expanded to encompass Internet of Things (IoT) gadgets and a...
Read More
Network services

The Role of Network Integration in Telecom Companies

Network services integration and management are a significant deal. The richness of new telecom technology, whether on-premise or cloud-based, makes...
Read More
Optical Fiber

10 Tips for Simplifying the Installation of Optical Fiber Cables

Installing optical fiber cables can be a complex and time-consuming task. It is crucial to have a well-planned and executed...
Read More
Data Localization

How Would Data Localization Benefit India?

In this age of data ubiquity, localization policies' emergence and wide adoption is a story to be told. India finds...
Read More
Email Security

Complete Guide to Managed Email Security Services

Our email inbox is the gateway to our organization and needs special protection. In recent times, email attacks have become...
Read More

Our Services

Network services

The digital ecosystem and landscape is rapidly to mirror the continuous evolution of communication infrastructure, connectivity, and next gen use cases...
Read More

Fiber Roll out Services

We offer a dependable fiber-based backhaul solution that promises seamless high-speed connectivity and increased reliability for a better network experience...
Read More

Managed Services

We encourage customers to seize business opportunities by simplifying network management and maintenance, which standardized SLAs govern...
Read More

Data Centre Network

Future use cases will require cloud-native infrastructure. With our network transformation services, we out-innovate the current constraints in the data center space...
Read More

RAN Services

The approach of RAN network disaggregation comes at the expense of increased integration touch-points and engineering efforts...
Read More