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Digitization and 5G for a Greener EU Economy

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We discuss the following topics in this blog:

  1. Digitization and 5G to bolster Europe’s ambitions.
  2. Government Bodies, Regulators, Mobile Network Operators and Corporates coming together

In addition to these topics, we shall also be answering the following FAQs:

  1. What is WiFi?
  2. What is an Optical Fibre Cable?

How 5G is Paving Way for a Greener Tomorrow?

Telecom sector is thriving to be the best in its commitment to United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The latest heartthrob of communications is 5G, which combined with emerging technologies such as Cognitive technology, Artificial Intelligence (AI), Cloud computing and Internet of things (IOT), has the potential to become the most powerful source in guiding telecom operators to achieve sustainability. Rising use of these technologies must be delivered without any detrimental effect on the environment.

Policymakers, authorities, corporations and many more are recognizing the ways in which 5G can lead to better connectivity that offers higher speed and reduced latency. A shift to a green economy and clear energy could be the result of strong political will and corporate commitment.

Take a look at how digitization and 5G harnessing will keep up with Europe’s ambition to improve the well-being and health of mankind by designing a resource-efficient competitive economy.

Is 5G Improving energy efficiency and reducing energy consumption at the industry level?

Digitization and 5G for a Sustainable Green EU Economy

5G’s enabling effect (Source: Analysys Mason and Huawei’s Green 5G Report,2020)

International Telecommunication Union (ITU) SMART 2020 report highlights 5G’s “enabling effect” across all ICT (Information and Communications Technologies) will be equivalent to 15% of all global emission, something that is on the right path to achieve cellular industry’s goal of ‘net-zero emission by 2050’. Enhanced mobile broadband (eMBB) will be one of the first wave of 5G services which will be colliding with evolving technologies for life changing climate goals. 

Supply chain management can be made more efficient with predictive analysis and machine learning.   With more connectivity, reduced requirement of office space, regular or business travels can lower energy consumption and reduce emissions. Taiwan Mobile uses remote detection devices to gather real time data on their base station energy consumption, which effectively excludes the need to travel for making manual entries.   Imagine an automated vehicle movement management system with a possibility to have a beneficial impact on the traffic problems of cities. Verizon, American wireless network operator, offers advanced traffic management services with vehicle detection sensors, cloud computing, 5G and IoT devices effectively providing real-time road traffic data. The later studies on this service showed fewer traffic delays, fuel consumption, emission and travel time.

5G networks could enable all of this. DIGITALEUROPE’s report states that digital technologies are capable of reducing 20% of global CO₂ emission by 2030.

Digitization and 5G for a Sustainable Green EU Economy

Benefits of digital for sustainability (Source: digitaleurope.org)

Government Bodies, Regulators, Mobile Network Operators and Corporates coming together

With the motive of ‘Digitization is Green’, the European government is looking to revolutionize the EU economy. Europe’s Green deal is aiming an improved economy that offers: Source: ec.europa.eu

Digitization and 5G for a Sustainable Green EU Economy

STL is ready to empower the European Government in their first climate action initiatives of the Green Deal that targets to

  • preserve the 2050 climate-neutrality objective into EU law
  • engage citizens, communities, corporations and everyone in climate action
  • reduce at least 55% of net greenhouse gas emissions by 2030

Read our whitepaper on 5G architecture  to know more about how our integrated 5G ready end-to-end solutions help telcos, cloud companies, citizen networks, and large enterprises to deliver enhanced customer experiences. Be future ready with STL’s intelligent policy control!


What is WiFi?

Put simply, WiFi is a technology that uses radio waves to create a wireless network through which devices like mobile phones, computers, printers, etc., connect to the internet. A wireless router is needed to establish a WiFi hotspot that people in its vicinity may use to access internet services. You’re sure to have encountered such a WiFi hotspot in houses, offices, restaurants, etc.

To get a little more technical, WiFi works by enabling a Wireless Local Area Network or WLAN that allows devices connected to it to exchange signals with the internet via a router. The frequencies of these signals are either 2.4 GHz or 5 GHz bandwidths. These frequencies are much higher than those transmitted to or by radios, mobile phones, and televisions since WiFi signals need to carry significantly higher amounts of data. The networking standards are variants of 802.11, of which there are several (802.11a, 802.11b, 801.11g, etc.).

What is an Optical Fibre Cable?

An optical fibre cable is a cable type that has a few to hundreds of optical fibres bundled together within a protective plastic coating. They help carry digital data in the form of light pulses across large distances at faster speeds. For this, they need to be installed or deployed either underground or aerially. Standalone fibres cannot be buried or hanged so fibres are bunched together as cables for the transmission of data.

This is done to protect the fibre from stress, moisture, temperature changes and other externalities. There are three main components of a optical fibre cable, core (It carries the light and is made of pure silicon dioxide (SiO2) with dopants such as germania, phosphorous pentoxide, or alumina to raise the refractive index; Typical glass cores range from as small as 3.7um up to 200um), Cladding (Cladding surrounds the core and has a lower refractive index than the core, it is also made from the same material as the core; 1% refractive index difference is maintained between the core and cladding;

Two commonly used diameters are 125µm and 140µm) and Coating (Protective layer that absorbs shocks, physical damage and moisture; The outside diameter of the coating is typically either 250µm or 500µm; Commonly used material for coatings are acrylate,Silicone, carbon, and polyimide).

An optical fibre cable is made up of the following components: Optical fibres – ranging from one to many. Buffer tubes (with different settings), for protection and cushioning of the fibre. Water protection in the tubes – wet or dry. A central strength member (CSM) is the backbone of all cables. Armoured tapes for stranding to bunch the buffer tubes and strength members together. Sheathing or final covering to provide further protection.

The five main reasons that make this technology innovation disruptive are fast communication speed, infinite bandwidth & capacity, low interference, high tensile strength and secure communication. The major usescases of optical fibre cables include intenet connectivity, computer networking, surgery & dentistry, automotive industry, telephony, lighting & decorations, mechanical inspections, cable television, military applications and space.

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