1. Home
  2. /
  3. Blog List
  4. /
  5. bend insensitive cables
  6. /
  7. Bend Insensitive Fibers – Foundation for Stellar Future Ready Networks

Bend Insensitive Fibers – Foundation for Stellar Future Ready Networks

Posted By :
Bend Insensitive Fibres Improve Network Installation Performance and Maintenance

Optical power loss is a significant factor that affects network performance. It can be attributed to various causes that can be either environmental or manmade. Bending is one phenomenon that occurs due to both environment and human elements and can result in reduced network performance. Since the last decade, we have seen a shift of standard transmission fiber from G.652.D to G.657.A1 due to the superior bend performance of the latter. As fiber deployment density increases, the next logical step is to install G.657.A2, the next level in bend insensitive fibers.

Network performance can be improved partially or wholly using A2 fiber if it is fully backward compatible with legacy G.652.D fiber. This blog will discuss the deployment and benefits of highly bend insensitive fibers. Also, you will learn about their role in building future-ready networks. The topics of discussion include,

  • A backdrop of bend insensitive fiber standards
  • Examples of installing highly bend insensitive fibers in a broader way and their benefits
  • Compatibility of A2 bend insensitive fibers with legacy fibers and actives.

Tech ecosystem disrupting with new use cases

Optical fibers can carry a huge amount of data at very high speeds. As a result, they provide high-speed internet, networking, data centers, and defense applications. In recent years, there has been exponential growth in data as tech ecosystems are brimming with a plethora of new use cases that are both consumer-led and enterprise-led.

Customer-led use cases

  • Netflix
  • YouTube
  • Facebook
  • Twitter
  • Zoom

Enterprise-led use cases

  • IoT
  • Data mining
  • Robotics
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Connectivity
  • Cyber Security

Effect of Covid-19 pandemic on data growth

The Covid-19 pandemic has made every business run on its toes due to the lockdown and social distancing measures. Virtual meetings replaced physical meetings, and most people worked from home, especially in the IT and banking sectors. The lockdown has significantly accelerated the data consumption growth like never before. Even after the lockdowns have been lifted in most countries today, the data consumption growth has not stopped and is currently still on the rise. In the new Covid-19 normal, there is a growing requirement for symmetrical bandwidths across wireless and fixed networks. 

Increased data demand has pushed network providers for new network creation

One of the primary reasons for increased data demand is the increasing number of network devices and connections. The growth rate is 10% CAGR, which is faster than world population growth (1% CAGR) and internet users’ growth (7% CAGR). Also, some of the latest devices and applications consume more data than others. For example, a connected 4K Ultra High Definition (UHD) TV consumes approximately 15-18 MBPS, which is three times more than what plain HD TV consumed a few years ago.

The data demand fire has received fuel from the Covid-19 pandemic. From 2017 to 2022, there is an almost two-x increase in global data demand, with fixed-line internet being a major contributor. To meet the latency and capacity requirements, network service providers have to look for new network creation consisting of converged, denser networks and deep fiberisation. 

ITU standards for bend optimisation and backward compatibility

The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) describes single-mode fiber standards documents from G.652 through G.655. Many fiber properties are specified on the cable so that it can easily be identified and used. Also, fiber properties change once installed due to environmental conditions. ITU standards sometimes prefer weakening requirements to gain a broader consensus. They should be considered a necessity but not sufficient conditions for an optical fiber to be used in a particular application. ITU standards focus on bend optimisation, but backward compatibility maintenance is an industry imperative. The following diagram shows ITU specifications for various STL optical fibers from OH-LITE to BOW-LITE SUPER. These are categorised based on backward compatibility, bend optimisation, attenuation, and mean MFD (mode field diameter).

Optical Losses in Network

It is widely understood that the severe bending of a live optical fiber will cause optical power loss resulting in reduced network performance. The two ways to identify these losses are Visual Fault Locator (VFL) and OTDR (Optical Time Domain Reflectometer) in “real-time” mode. The two main types of bending losses are micro bending and macro bending. The micro bending losses occur in optic fibers when pressure is applied to their surfaces. Macro bending is more visible and occurs when optical fibers are physically bent when a critical angle is exceeded. Due to the geographical spread, there are many tighter bends and turns, resulting in severe macro bending losses, especially with legacy fiber at higher wavelengths and tighter bends.

Macro bend loss is especially prevalent in passive ancillaries’ long-distance routes. For example, there is a 1.06 dB average macro bend loss per macro bend point @1625nm with legacy fiber G.652.D.

Many factors across a network span leads to more macro bend losses at feeder network, distribution network, and last mile to inside building. Some of them include,

  • Feeder Network
    • Joint splicing
    • Fiber attenuation
    • Fiber cuts
    • Connector loss
    • Accidental bends

  • Distribution Network
    • Splitter loss
    • Connector loss
    • Splice loss
    • Accidental bend
  • Last mile to inside the building
    • HTB connector loss
    • Bend loss
    • Staple loss
    • Accidental bend during O and M

With one accidental bend, the data transmission is interrupted with legacy fibers.

Bend insensitive fiber

A high-quality bend insensitive fiber will significantly solve the above macro bending losses.

Reduced operational expenses due to the use of bend insensitive fiber

Cables made up of legacy fiber are not ideal for faster network densification

Bend insensitive fibers enable faster network provisioning

Bend insensitive fibers offer the below advantages

Although bend insensitive fibers are excellent, MFD mismatch remains a challenge


There is a one-stop solution with multiple benefits to solve most optical fiber loss issues mentioned above. STL has brought a perfect bend insensitive fiber called Stellar, with best-in-class attenuation and bend insensitivity. It has up to 10 times fewer bend losses than OH-LITE NOVA. Overall, Stellar is the latest bend loss killer!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

Our Latest Blogs

Managed Service

Driving Value with Managed Services

Technology is evolving at a consistent and rapid pace. Technology specialists are incorporating cutting-edge practices to boost the efficiency of...
Read More
Digital Network

Bridging the Digital Divide in the UK

The Digital Divide in the UK The "digital divide" is a growing concern in the UK, where access to technology...
Read More
Optical Fiber

Debunking the Common Myths about Optical Fibre

As data-intensive applications like video streaming, online gaming, and cloud computing become more common, the need for increased bandwidth has...
Read More
Fiber Optic Testing Tools

How Robotic Tools are Revolutionizing the Detection of Optical Fiber Failures

The fiber optic communication industry has revolutionized the entire Telecommunication industry by providing higher performance, more reliable telecommunication links with...
Read More
Fiber Optic Technology

Recent Advances in Optical Networking Technology: A Look at the Future of Data Transmission

Since several decades ago, optical networking technology has been developing quickly. Fiber optics is becoming a key component of the...
Read More
Optical Interconnect Technology

Optical Interconnect Vs. Electrical Interconnect: All You Need to Know

Interconnectedness is increasingly becoming the backbone of a modern, progressive world. It is what is driving the escalation of digital...
Read More
Network Running

Keep The Network Running in The Remotest Locations: Here’s How STL Can Help

The pandemic has unravelled the importance of reliable connectivity. From smart classes to online groceries, the internet is everywhere. Yet,...
Read More
Managed Service

5 Benefits of Using a Managed Security Services Provider

Investing in cybersecurity is the need of the hour as the cyber threat landscape evolves. But as cyber threats continue...
Read More
Optical Interconnect Technology

An Overview of Optical Interconnects: How They Work and Their Advantages

Optical interconnects are a crucial component of modern electronic systems. They are used to transmit data and power between different...
Read More
Network System Integration

Network System Integration: A Guide to Choosing the Right Optical Fiber Manufacturing Company

One of the crucial factors of a network system integration project is choosing an appropriate fiber cable; they determine the...
Read More
Optical Fiber

10 Ways Optical Fibre Has Changed the World

Optical fiber has revolutionized the way we communicate and access information. From high-speed internet to advanced medical procedures, the benefits...
Read More
Data Center Design

Designing Data Centre Networks: Strategies for Maximum Efficiency and Performance

Data centre design and the data network that supports it are critical components of any organization's IT infrastructure. The way...
Read More
Network Modernization

Accelerating Your Network Modernization Process

Network modernization is crucial for businesses to stay competitive in today's digital economy. However, the process can be time-consuming and...
Read More
Network services

Understanding Network Services and How They Enhance Your Business

A robust network is a must for any type of company in the twenty-first century because most products are digital...
Read More
Data centre

The Rise of Data Centers in India

With data consumption on the rise, cloud adoption accelerating, and technology demand soaring higher than ever before - Indian corporations...
Read More
RAN Services

Building a Faster, More Connected Healthcare Network with Radio Networks

In recent years, the category of linked medical devices has expanded to encompass Internet of Things (IoT) gadgets and a...
Read More
Network services

The Role of Network Integration in Telecom Companies

Network services integration and management are a significant deal. The richness of new telecom technology, whether on-premise or cloud-based, makes...
Read More
Optical Fiber

10 Tips for Simplifying the Installation of Optical Fiber Cables

Installing optical fiber cables can be a complex and time-consuming task. It is crucial to have a well-planned and executed...
Read More
Data Localization

How Would Data Localization Benefit India?

In this age of data ubiquity, localization policies' emergence and wide adoption is a story to be told. India finds...
Read More
Email Security

Complete Guide to Managed Email Security Services

Our email inbox is the gateway to our organization and needs special protection. In recent times, email attacks have become...
Read More

Our Services

Network services

The digital ecosystem and landscape is rapidly to mirror the continuous evolution of communication infrastructure, connectivity, and next gen use cases...
Read More

Fiber Roll out Services

We offer a dependable fiber-based backhaul solution that promises seamless high-speed connectivity and increased reliability for a better network experience...
Read More

Managed Services

We encourage customers to seize business opportunities by simplifying network management and maintenance, which standardized SLAs govern...
Read More

Data Centre Network

Future use cases will require cloud-native infrastructure. With our network transformation services, we out-innovate the current constraints in the data center space...
Read More

RAN Services

The approach of RAN network disaggregation comes at the expense of increased integration touch-points and engineering efforts...
Read More